In 1957, the leader of the pro-monarchy faction, Keshar Jung Rayamajhi, replaced Adhikari as the secretary-general. [1] On 22 April 1949, he founded the Communist Party of Nepal along with four other colleagues, in Calcutta. The Nepal Communist Party may come up with some band-aid solution to avert its immediate split, but long-term unity in the party is impossible within Nepal's democratic set-up and political culture, particularly when the party is bereft of any coherent ideology. Pushpa Lal Shrestha and his party returned to Nepal. The Nepal Communist Party, formed by the merger of the UML and the Maoists, inherited the same contorted ideology. Following the subsequent end of Panchayat system in favour of constitutional monarchy, the United Left Front would go on to formalise the coalition; CPN-M and CPN-ML uniting into CPN-UML in 1991. Christianity and Islam provide more severe examples of disintegration and murderous infighting. Mitra, Subrata Kumar/Enskat, Mike/Spiess, Clemens. [6] In 1954, the party held its first general conference where Man Mohan Adhikari was elected secretary-general. With this open campaign for democracy, Male bolstered its support among pro-democracy electorate as well as the international community and had emerged as the premier force of the Nepali communist movement. [7], Pushpa Kamal Dahal and Baburam Bhattarai had split from their respective minor communist parties and formed the Maoist Party, which launched a "people's war" by 1996. The high-level Chinese delegation led by a vice minister of the Communist Party of China met top Nepal Communist Party leaders on Monday and discussed the political situation in the country as Beijing tries to patch differences between Nepal's feuding leaders. In Nepal's political culture, leaders never retire because politics has paid them well (they are all very rich), and they have no employable skills for life outside politics. In September last year, the NCP had even organised a symposium, inviting some leaders from the Chinese Communist Party to Kathmandu to impart training to Nepali leaders on the Xi Jinping Thought ahead of the visit of the Chinese president, his first to Nepal, the paper added. In Nepal's political culture, leaders never retire because politics has paid them well. But long-term 'unity' in a communist party is hard to come by. [1] By 1930, communist writings had begun to be smuggled into Nepal and two of the four great martyrs, Dasharath Chand and Gangalal Shrestha were known to have been readers of communist literature. The two are antithetical. In September last year, the NCP had even organised a symposium, inviting some leaders from the Chinese Communist Party to Kathmandu to impart training to Nepali leaders on the Xi Jinping Thought ahead of the visit of the Chinese president, his first to Nepal, the paper added. [1] Pushpa Lal went on to become a prominent member of the Nepal Rastriya Congress (NRC), one of the prominent forebears of Nepali Congress Party. The ideological contortion within Nepali communists started with the late Madan Bhandari declaring 'People's Multiparty Democracy' as the ideology of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist), which was Oli's party before the Nepal Communist Party was formed. Chinese delegation meets Nepal PM amid political crisis. They have all been given elevated positions in the party. … In a communist system, the government takes orders from the party in the exercise of its executive functions. According to Nepal Communist Party leaders, the Chinese delegation though did not bring up external forces, it conveyed Beijing’s message to the Nepali leadership that it is concerned about any political instability in Nepal. But it was like the pot calling the kettle black, as Pushpa Kamal Dahal himself is alleged to be one of the most corrupt politicians in the country. The popular welfare program would secure CPN UML's future in Nepali politics for decades to come. The lack of ideological clarity undercuts the party's sense of purpose, and the unending conflict saps confidence that the party will survive its full tenure in government. It is built into the party's structure and feeds on its ideological contortion when it tries to adapt to a liberal democratic order. [3][17][28][29][30], Nepali communist parties subscribe to Marxism, Leninism, Maoism, or any combination of the three. Rejecting the party’s move, Oli said the decision taken by the second chair of the party was against the party statute, The Kathmandu Post reported. Nepal Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli has been removed as the parliamentary leader of Nepal Communist Party amid an internal turbulence within the Himalayan nation's ruling party … The Chinese Communist Party and Nepal Communist Party were regularly engaged in training programmes. [1] He began his political career as a member of Nepal Praja Parishad, which was dissolved in 1941, following the execution of the great martyrs. [27] As of 2019, KP Sharma Oli was prime minister and Pushpa Kamal Dahal and KP Oli shared the chair of Nepal Communist Party (NCP), the ruling party of Nepal and of six out of seven provinces. A communist party is like a religious group. In a parliamentary democracy, the government operates with full independence in exercising its authority. [5][2], One of the most significant factions to emerge was the guerilla movement known as Jhapa movement, led by young activists Mohan Chandra Adhikari, Chandra Prakash Mainali and Radha Krishna Mainali, and influenced by Charu Mazumdar, the architect of Naxalite guerilla movement in neighbouring north-east India. [citation needed], The communist movement in Nepal traces its history back to Pushpa Lal Shrestha, the father of Nepali communism and the founder and general secretary of the first Nepali communist party, the Communist Party of Nepal. Comparatively, the frequency at which political parties of other ideological persuasions break is much less. The Nepal Communist Party's 'Senior Leaders' include two ex-prime ministers and one who lost the last election. Though the followers of each cult identify themselves as Hindus and swear allegiance to the primary Hindu scriptures like the Vedas and the Gita, records show these splinter groups often clash with each other. [3] Younger brother to Gangalal Shrestha, Pushpa Lal joined the political fight against the autocratic Rana regime at a young age. In response, Oli characterised the co-chair as lazy, conniving, corrupt, untrustworthy and devoid of conscience and moral compass. Since I am the first … In the case of the Maoists, the same policy was put forward as the 21st century's people's multiparty democracy. This would be a serious infraction in a communist set-up but, in a parliamentary democracy, it is a non-issue. The Nepal Communist Party's rank and file are worried the confrontation may split the party. Should that happen, they would be deprived of the power, prestige and financial gains that the party's control of the government has brought. The party continued to absorb minor factions of the communist movement throughout the 1980s, and by the mid 1980s, had emerged as the premier communist force overshadowing the pro-soviet Communist Party of Nepal - Marxist (CPN-M) led by veteran leaders Man Mohan Adhikari and Sahana Pradhan (Pushpa Lal Shrestha's widow). Communist parties are, by nature, prone to ideological conflict, frequent break-ups and mergers. They have all been given elevated positions in the party. The duel between Prime Minister KP Oli and his co-chair in the Nepal Communist Party, Pushpa Kamal Dahal, intensified in November with Dahal accusing Oli of perfidy, insubordination, incompetence, corruption, egotism and hubris. Niranjan Shrestha/AP Show More Show Less 5 of 9 Pushpa Kamal Dahal, leader of the splinter group in the governing Nepal Communist Party, participates in a protest in Kathmandu, Nepal… Communist parties follow a pattern similar to that of religious groups. 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